The work that the team intends to carry out aims to contribute to the theory of the enterprise. It will examine, in particular, the foundations and forms of governance, and the place of employees with regards to that of shareholders. To do this, the team will make international comparisons and collaboration is being considered with researchers from other disciplines, such as management sciences.
As such, they are widely referred to in the Labour Code, often incorrectly by confusing enterprises and corporations. However, these two types of group, de facto in the former case and de jure in the latter, must be clearly distinguished from each other. For example, the authority exercised over employees within an enterprise does not originate there, while it does in the corporation. Labour law does not, in general, have any say on events which occur within the limits of the corporation (legal person); these events are first and foremost governed by corporate law. Although the fact must not be exaggerated, it would seem that these two branches of private law have very little to do with each other. It must be acknowledged that this is a strange, given that the choice of corporate organisation inevitably has an impact on the application of labour law, as shown by the creation of groups of corporations, sometimes on an international scale. Such groups create, among other things, a distance between decision-makers (i.e. the source of power) and those under their control, making it inaccessible for members of the personnel. Even if considered solely from the point of view of labour law, of which it is a fundamental element, the enterprise can no longer be considered without taking into account the corporation and, more generally, the constructions that give it a legal existence. We must therefore investigate the boundaries of the enterprise, its object and functions and, in all likelihood, seek a new relationship between labour law and corporate law. A place should also be given to another branch of law that concerns employees, namely the law on enterprises in difficulty. It should be highlighted however that it is the enterprise that is in difficulty and not the corporation.