The results of this work will gradually be scaled up from a regional to a national one. The studies that are carried out should allow the development of a broader perspective. On the one hand, the relationship between a lack of professional integration and health will be explored through collaboration within this research field. On the other hand, environmental issues will be addressed in the field of law as well as in the context of on-site collaborations with the teams in Bordeaux (epidemiologists, ergonomists, doctors) who look into the question of the use of pesticides in farming from the perspective of health at work and public health. As a result, through reflections on compensation for various work related illnesses (cancers), the question of access to treatment in the framework of the regional organisation of public health services could be addressed. Lastly, with a view to developing broader collaboration, studies could be launched into the repercussions of workers’ health on their children’s development.
After its incorporation into French law in 1991, France saw another turning point in 2002 with the introduction into the Labour Code of the notion of “physical and mental health”. In fact, as in law, physical health is no longer preponderant, work and working conditions and organisation have evolved, and the worker as a person must be protected. The law on health at work has thus shifted from reparation towards prevention. Emphasis is placed on prevention to pre-empt the occurrence of health risks at work as a solution, before considering reparation which only occurs once the damage has already been caused. In this respect, work will be conducted on labour law and social security law adopting a comparative approach to the search for legal responses, as a way of placing the national system in perspective. It is also necessary to identify responses through experiences in other countries, and gain a better understanding of the national system with its resources and limits. Likewise, international collaboration and communication between different disciplines will need be developed. The relationship between law and other disciplines is perceived here as a means of guiding legal research to provide a response that is adapted to the challenges addressed in this project. European research would be an appropriate framework for this type of approach and project.
Studying the ways in which the law is able (or not) to appreciate the links between labour organisations and health inevitably raises questions of psychosocial risks. A large number of questions remain unanswered as new topics emerge within the field and are not addressed by legal research: the civil service (State, local, hospital, university), sector-specific challenges, ITC and stress at work, and balancing personal and professional life. Addictions, psychosocial risk in small enterprises, psychosocial risk in restructuring operations (and in times of uncertainty concerning the professional future) and in-depth study of case law in the field of psychosocial risk should also be added to this list. Lastly, the aim is to incorporate the question of psychological harassment at work more clearly into the field of the organisation of work (eg. organisation within the meaning of the congress of the International Association on Workplace Bullying and Harassment [IAWBH] in Bordeaux).
The work undertaken by the Aquitaine Regional Observatory of Psychosocial Risks (ORRPSA) will also be continued through collective, multidisciplinary responses to calls for projects, while observing at the same time the links that appear between psychosocial risks and standards on “health and quality of life at work”. This objective aims to federate research in Aquitaine on health at work, as well as to continue collaboration between stakeholders and public authorities. Through the action taken by the ORRPSA, priority will be placed on transmitting knowledge to professional actors (enterprises, local government, prevention bodies). The Observatory’s role is to develop and coordinate the network for the prevention of psychosocial risk in Aquitaine over the long term, so that its work contributes efficiently to the roll-out of policies on health at work across the region.